Dermatologic Disease Awareness and Teledermatology


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Protecting Skin for Babies and Children

As adults, we are constantly told to buy the right products and avoid the sun to protect our skin. And while kids may know to put on sunscreen, sometimes it isn’t that easy. Having five or more sunburns during childhood increases your risk for melanoma by eighty percent. Babies and young toddlers are especially at risk as parents tend to get more lenient with sunscreen usage as children get older. According to one US study, 54 percent of children become sunburned or tanned in their second summer, versus 22 percent in their first.

The President of the Skin Cancer Foundation, Dr. Perry Robins states that ”Children should not be getting sunburned at any age, especially since there are a range of very effective sun protection methods that can used.”

While it may seem like just another thing to worry about with kids and that one sunburn won’t harm them, it’s not just about protecting them, its about teaching them. Teaching children about sunscreen usage now could instill longterm sun-safe practices in the future which could mean the difference between getting skin cancer and not.

With that said, please check out the Skin Cancer Foundations recommendations by age on how to protect your child’s skin:


0-6 months: Infants under 6 months of age should be kept out of the sun. Their skin is too sensitive for sunscreen. An infant's skin possesses little melanin, the pigment that gives color to skin, hair and eyes and provides some sun protection. Therefore, babies are especially susceptible to the sun's damaging effects.

Use removable mesh window shields to keep direct sunlight from coming in through the windows of your car or invest in UV window film, which can screen almost 100 percent of ultraviolet radiation without reducing visibility.

Take walks early in the morning before 10 AM or after 4 PM and use a stroller with a sun-protective cover.

Dress baby in lightweight clothing that covers the arms and legs.

Choose a wide-brimmed hat or bonnet that protects the baby's face, neck, and ears. A baby who wears a hat during the first few months will get used to having it on.


6-12 months: It's now safe to use sunscreen on babies.

Apply broad-spectrum, SPF 15+ sunscreen to areas left uncovered such as baby's hands. Many companies have tear-free formulas that won't sting baby's eyes.

If you are using a spray sunscreen, it should not be applied directly to the face; sprays should be misted into the hands, and then spread on the face.

Most importantly, sunscreen must be applied 30 minutes before going outside and reapplied every two hours or after swimming or excessive sweating.

Toddlers/Pre-School Age:

Protecting toddlers from the sun requires a little more thought and effort. It is important to educate your child and caregivers.

Look for broad-spectrum sunscreens with an SPF 15 or higher. Water-resistant, spray-on sunscreens are a good choice for toddlers who won't sit still. Spray sunscreens should not be applied directly to the face; sprays should be misted into the hands, then spread on the face.

Make sure your child seeks the shade between 10 AM and 4 PM. Check the outdoor area where your child plays to make sure there is adequate shade.

Make sure toddlers are covered. Long-sleeved, unbleached cotton clothing is cool and comfortable, while also highly protective. Clothing with an Ultraviolet Protection Factor (UPF) listing on the label offers extra security. The Skin Cancer Foundation recommends clothing with a UPF of 30 or higher.

Don't forget hats and sunglasses. Choose a wide-brimmed hat that protects face, neck, and ears.